Tu Le fields where French parachute battalions landed during the Nghia Lo Battle
Tu Le fields where French parachute battalions landed during the Nghia Lo Battle

Ly Thuong Kiet Campaign 1951

Ly Thuong Kiet Campaign by Viet Minh in 1951 also known as Nghia Lo Battle was a military operation to remove the French posts at Nghia Lo in Yen Bai. All Viet Minh's attempts were without success, but the operation left good lessons to Viet Minh's commanders and soldiers. And they did show that they learned the lessons through their susequent campaigns...

 11September1951 Ly Thuong Kiet Campaign was decided.
312th was the force, 1 battery of 75mm howitzers, 2 companies of engineering troops and local troops. Total: 8,479 people.
Contexts: Extremely difficult time for Viet Minh when De Lattre took power, a minor operation in the North-West was needed and feasible.
Yen Bai: Bao Ha and Luc Yen were liberated zones and the rest was occupied by French troops. Major positions: Nghia Lo, Gia Hoi, Ba Khe & Thuong Bang La.

Ly Thuong Kiet Campaign by Viet Minh in 1951 (Nghia Lo Battle)
A diagram showing developments of Ly Thuong Kiet Campaign by Viet Minh in 1951 (Nghia Lo Battle)

25September1951, 312th started crossing the Red River into the North West via Co Phuc & Mau A (after being discovered at Au Lau).

30Sept 165th attacked Ca Vinh and on the way to Cua Nhi.
1Oct 209th attacked Ban Tu.
2Oct 8BPC was sent to Tu Le.
2Oct night 141st attacked Nghia Lo without success.

Site of the former Fench post on Nghia Lo Hill
Site of the former Fench post on Nghia Lo Hill

3Oct 8e BPC attacked 209th in the rear and was counterattacked and chased back to Gia Hoi.
4Oct 2e BEP was sent to Gia Hoi, both 8e BPC and BEP were attacked by 209th near Nam Muoi.
4Oct night 141st attacked Nghia Lo the second time and 165th attacked Cua Nhi; both were without success.
5Oct 10e BPCP was sent to Nghia Lo.

Site of the former French Post at Cua Nhi
Site of the former French Post at Cua Nhi

2e BPC et 8e BEP tried to cut the supply route via Khau Vac and was defeated by 312th.
Without success in overrunning Nghia Lo, Le Trong Tan ordered the withdrawal of troops.